Don Libes, National Institute of Standards and Technology http://expect.nist.gov/
Expect is a utility that "fools" applications into using redirects from files rather than stdin a pseudo tty opened bidirectionally
4 commands: send, expect, spawn
type expect at the command prompt to start an interactive expect shell (like a perl shell)
you can then type commands, e.g.
send "hello world\n" exit //In the interactive session you type exit to quit
notice that you need to include the newline character
To use expect with scripts simply supply a file name with the expect commands
nano helloworld.txt send "hello world\n"
then you can run expect helloworld.txt
To take it one step further, create a second file
comment about the script
/usr/bin/expect -f $1
chmod +x run-expect-script.sh
This will print "hello world"...
The "expect" command will wait until a process prompts for something (e.g. htpasswd)
could also be in /usr/bin or /usr/sbin
nano helloworld.txt set timeout 10 expect "hi\n" send "hello there!\n"
will wait 10 seconds to timeout, but if in that time you type hi (and press enter) it will return hello world, or after 10 seconds it will still print hello world...
A faster way of achieving this is
nano test.sh #!/usr/bin/expect set timeout 10 expect "hi\n" send "hello there!\n"
chmod 755 test.sh
nano htpasswdscript.sh #!/usr/bin/expect set htpasswdpath [lindex $argv 0] set username [lindex $argv 1] set userpass [lindex $argv 2]
spawn htpasswd $htpasswdpath $username expect "New password:" send $userpass\n expect "Re-type new password:" send $userpass\n
$ ./htpasswd.sh /usr/bin/htpasswd username userpass
nano ftplogin.txt spawn ftp ftp.uu.net expect "Name" send "anonymous\r" expect "Password:" send "firstname.lastname@example.org\r" interact